one of the most interesting artefacts of the Yamnaya period in the Pontic steppe is the stele/stelae or stone slab from Kernosovka (a village in Ukraine).
the stela is about 1,2 m high stone slab carved and sculpted; in its front there is a face, presumably of a man, with arms and a phallus under his belt.
Man's face has a deep-set eyes, pointed long nose, a chin or pointed downwards beard, with a long drooping mustache. The figure has two arms bent, between the left shoulder and bent arm there is a bow with an arrow notched. He has a belt, single one.
Under the arms and in the back of the stele there are other weapons and tools -
a battle ax
a belted battle mace with circular head
a hoe and/or mattck
a casting mold
a 'spoon' for metal casting
At the bottom there are two horses carved, and also there is an ox or bull and a turtle? .
The backs of the stele has various ornaments - perhaps representing his garments like a cow hide painted with lines ? - and under the belt there are his spare? shoes.
Left side contains an image of coitus between a man and woman under the rows of triangles and an animal under the belt; the right has rows of triangles and zigzag lines between the triangle lines.
Is this an image of a powerful chieftain ? The tools of metallurgy arts exemplify the Indo-European skills with metal working, including probably the oldest iron smithing, from a meteorite iron, in Eurasia, thousand years before the Hittite ironworking in the II millennium BC.