100 years ago a sovereign Polish state was reborn after having been partitioned and ruled by three European powers in 1795AD.
|White Eagle - 1919-27|
My family and I, like all Poles around the world. celebrate this 100th anniversary and salute all ancestors, men and women, who worked on restoring our Polish state to most desired sovereign status. I especially salute Polish peasants and Polish nobility, two social groups who fought for our reborn independence.
note that the 1918 or year zero of officially reborn Republic was amidst flames of war, and the war or more properly wars and conflicts were to be continued for another 3 years.
we have had more than 1000 years of history as a sovereign state:
from our first Christian ruler prince Mieszko I of Piast clan
his fabulously successful son and king Boleslaw I
Jagiellon Poland - crica 1436
under the Jagiellon dynasty 1490
Polish Lithuanian Commonwealth
present III Republic - under the EU Lisbon Treaty, rules and regulations are we still as in depended as they claim ?
Vivat Polonia Resituta
during the XX century we Poles were first to fight, in World War I more than 1 million Poles died, world War II saw loss - death, migration, refugees - of many millions, country population reduced from close to 35 million in 1939 to some 23 million in 1945
|I like this poster by painter and graphic artist Marek Zulawski|
maps from Wiki Commons
I salute tsar Nicolas I Romanov, who crowned himself a King of Polish Congress Kingdom in 1829 and the same year concluded a war with the Ottoman empire, and ordered that the Ottoman cannons captured should be sent to Warsaw with the words that he, the King of Polish Kingdom, avenged the death of our king Wladyslaw III -
Vladislaus by God's grace king of Crown of Kingdom of Poland, Hungary, Dalmatia, Croatia, Rascia (Serbian Grand Principality), Supreme Prince of Duchy of Lithuania, lord of Pomerania and Ruthenia.
(at Varna in 1444, here Matejko painting).
last but not least - Happy Veterans Day! -