Saturday, June 22, 2024

Wilhelm Peter Zimmermann - running at the ring - illustration circa 1613AD

 Salvete Omnes,

a little canter into the early XVII century Hapsburg realms - back in 2023 I discussed the topic of these prints when talking about the quintain. You can read the details of this wedding and personages present & depicted in my post.
The art of Wilhelm Peter Zimmermann was the author of these images, a rather prolific artist who documented events and wars  of this period.

Gottinger Digital Library contains this volumeBeschreibung und kurtze Radierte entwerffung der Füsrtlichen Hochzeit/ So Der Durchleuchtig/ und Hochgeborn Fürst und Herr/ Herr Wolffgang Wilhelm/ Pfalzgraff bey Rhein/ Hertzog in Bayrn... Mit.. Fürstin Fraw Magdalena/ Pfalzgräfin bey Rhein/ Hertzogin in Obern und Nidern Bayrn. Zu München/ im sechszehenhunfert und dreyzehenden Jahr/ den zwölfften Novembris Celebriert und gehalten (Wilhelm Peter Zimmermann, Augsburg, 1614).

When a princely wedding gave occasion to the displays of equestrian, chivalry,  of horsemanship and lance skills in this German state on the eve of the Thirty Years War (1618-148). 



Thursday, June 20, 2024

Jan Victors - horses, boots and donkeys

 Salvete Omnes,

groom and the bay or buckskin horse with a docked tail

again we visit the Dutch Golden Age paintings - this time it will be the canvasses of Jan Victors (1619-1679) and equine related detail from his art

From a painting In front of a tavern - from the National Museum in Warsaw, Poland.

a gentleman cavalier astride a black horse 

resting cavalier wearing riding boots while his rowel spurs are cleaned?

a typical cart horse and Dutch harness


a ferry boat and a cavalier on a bay horse


cart horses

donkeys with pack saddles - details from Victors' paintings

and a camel

and some Oriental or Orientalising riding boots - perhaps also Polish, Hungarian, Ottoman Turkish etc

and a great looking Turkish?  or Persian ? carpet


Monday, June 17, 2024

Horses and wagons - Pieter de Neyn

 Salvete Omnes,

today a quick posting from the first half of the XVII century Holland.

we can study some paintings by Pieter de Neyn (1597-1639) in search of horses and wagons - 
first some military topic - cavalry and their horses, there are wagons in the background

more soldiers in this war painting - a siege

.Palfrey and  two working or draft horses 

.from the Art Institute of Chicago - travelers 


a painting with a wagon carriage and some mounted travelers?


Saturday, June 15, 2024

Gabriel Raspe and his Polish-Lithuanian Cavalry circa 1775

 Salvete Omnes,

a little bit about our Polish cavalry circa 1775. 

in 1781 Gabriel N. Raspe (1712-1785) of Nuremberg published a book devoted to the Polish Royal Army, its organisation and uniforms -
Accurate Vorstellung der Königlich Pohlnischen Armee nach der auf dem in Jahre 1775 [..].

Polish army was reformed by the royal military commission in 1775 and these uniforms etc were in use until the next reform of 1785.

As of the final reform 1775-76 our Polish-Lithuanian Cavalry consisted of :

Crown Horse Guard dragoon Regiment - regiment gwardii konnej koronnej aka dragoni mirowscy - one of the most famous and experienced Polish cavalry units of the XVIII century. 

Ducal Guard Dragoon Regiment - regiment gwardii konnej litewskiej

National Cavalry Brigades or line cavalry - Kawaleria Narodowa - for the Crown and Duchy(Lithuanian) armies
Lithuanian or Ducal army had one Cavalry Brigade named 1st Hussar, referring to the abolished winged hussar banners.


6 Dragoon line cavalry of the Crown regiments  - dragonskie regimenty koronne - 

Regiments of  Ulan-lancers or Advance Guard Reguments -  pulki ulanow koronne i litewskie


Royal Uhlan Regiment - Pulk Ulanow Nadworny

The original digitized publication - the plates and description - is   available from Wroclaw University Library - FBC .

Polish cavalry  officer, researcher & artist Stanislaw Geper (1889-1965) created a copy of the 1781 Raspe's publication - available here.

Wiki Commons has the entire Gepner's version available for viewing and download.

I love these Polish army uniforms created after 1775 throughout 1791 , and I think they were the most wonderful emanation of our national costume. here in the military context. 

Finally there is this article by Maciej Trabski on the National Cavalry of this period, and also the same researcher wrote this book on the uhlan and lancer regiments of the Crown Army 1768-94 - 'Pulki  Przedniej Strazy Koronnej ' from Inforteditions in Poland (all in Polish).