from the XVII century there comes a painter who documented New Holland or the colonial Brazil under the Netherlands' heel (1630-1654)- please note that the Dutch, meantime fighting the Catholic Spanish Hapsburgs, were premier slavers or slave traders of the cross-Atlantic world.
During 1630AD, upon several failed previous attempts, colonial Brazil was conquered by Dutch Republic armies. Map here.
In the paintings by Frans Post(1612-80), a Dutch painter who lived in the Dutch Brazil or the Netherlands short-lived cross-Atlantic empire (New Netherland in North America, Brazil in America and Angola in Africa), we can see the Dutch colony - black slaves, Indians, Brazilians, and colonists within the landscape and few and far between settlements.
Since this is an equine-relate blog we are going to corral the very few painting showing horses (from Wiki Commons_- this is probably the best one:
This canvass shows that the Dutch conquerors adopted Iberian saddles and riding styles - a la gineta.
more horse images
Salve Market in Recife by Zacharias Wagner/Wagenaer
African man (warrior?) in Brazil by Albert Eckhout
and other Brazilians as painted by the Eckhout
all images are from Wiki Commons gallery