The winged horsemen of Russian Tsardom - well, to many this may be a surprise, but during XVII century the Russian Royal (tsarist) Court embraced Polish, Turkish and even Persian fashions in costume, arms and horse furniture, along with already established Tatar and even older Mongol fashions.
Well, I found the description written by a courtier to prince Michal Czartoryski talking about the spledors of Muscovite Court two decades before the beginning of new Russia under Pyotr I.
From the relation by Bernard Tanner, in Latin
Legatio Polono-Lithuanica in Moscoviam: Potentissimi Poloniae Regis ac Reipublicae Mandato & Consensu Anno 1678,
that depicts the entry of the Polish-Lithuanian envoy prince Czartoryski into Moscow and Russian reception during AD 1678 - (published in Latin in 1689)
Approaching the town, we looked on with astonishment - a new, until now unseen troop of warriors. They all had long robes of same red color; they were mounted on white horses, and at their backs they had attached wings, raised above their heads and painted in beautiful manner; in their hands they had long lances, and towards the lance point there was attached an effigy of winged golden dragon, that moved with the wind. This troop turned out to be the legion of Angels.
Подъехав к городу ближе, глядим — новый, невиданный дотоле отряд воинов! Цвет длинных красных одеяний был на всех одинаков; сидели они верхом на белых конях, а к плечам у них были прилажены крылья, поднимавшиеся над головой и красиво расписанные; в руках — длинные пики, к концу коих было приделано золотое изображение крылатого дракона, вертевшееся по ветру. Отряд казался ангельским легионом. [...]
And this is the Russian version of the Tanner's relation (Russian winged horsemen appear on page 44) :
Mounted zhilcy reconstructed in these paintings by contemporary Russian artist Сергей Ефошкин (Sergei Efoshkin) - Zhilec and Zhilcy , more of his fine art here
And this is XIX century reconstruction:
The description of the envoy and his entourage by Tanner is also very interesting and merits another post...
* ferezja at kismeta