Sunday, January 20, 2019

Gembarzewski i szkice rzedow konskich 1815-30


Salvete Omnes,
[in Polish]
 
powróćmy znów do mości pana Bronisława Gembarzewskiego i jego 'Rycerstwo i wojsko polskie od XI wieku do chwili obecnej, gdzie na Polona można zobaczyć  co nieco plansz dotyczących rzędów końskich i wyposażenia  jeździeckiego jak mantelzak czy strzemię.
 

 

 








 

 

Nota bene siodło żołnierskie z epoki Królestwa Kongresowego zachowało się, min w Muzeum Wojska Polskiego w Warszawie, pierwszą rekonstrukcje takiego siodła wykonał imć pan Piotr Zalewski, artysta i konserwator z Muzeum Narodowego w Warszawie a także dlugoletni rekonstruktor kawalerii polskiej 1785-1815,  a ostatnio także przedni rymarz i jeździec imć Marcin Ruda.

Valete & Khoda Hafez

Saturday, January 19, 2019

Maciej Trabski & strzelec konny 1815-30



Salvete Omnes,
[in Polish]
niezbyt często zajmuje się kawaleria po 1815 roku, ale ostatnio przeczytałem artykuł badawczy dr Macieja Trąbskiego  pt 'Umundurowanie i oporządzenie strzelca konnego armii Królestwa Polskiego z lat 1815-1830' i myślę, ze warto przeczytać tenże artykuł, który w całości jest dostępny na academia.
Trzymając się 'misji' mojego blogowania (jak najwięcej ikonografii) postanowiłem dołączyć wyobrażenia autorstwa trzech polskich ilustratorów działających przed 1945 rokiem, których prace dotyczą strzelców konnych alias szaserów - 1 regimentu gwardii oraz 4 pułków strzelców konnych kawalerii liniowej Królestwa Polskiego 1815-30.

Pierwszy z nich to Józef Lex (1791-1866), żołnierz Księstwa Warszawskiego (miał budować mosty przez Berezynę w 1812r.) i major Królestwa Polskiego,  malarz,  ilustrator i badacz heraldyki.







Drugi to Kajetan Saryusz-Wolski (1852-1922?), którego ogromna spuścizna jest raczej mało znana dzisiaj.


Ostatnim z autorów jest najsłynniejszy polski badacz mundurów i historii wojska polskiego Bronisław Gembarzewski - zmarły w Warszawie  po powrocie z uwiezienia na Pawiaku i przesłuchiwania przez Gestapo w 1941 roku w czasie trwania II wojny światowej, na nasze nieszczęście w czasie prac nad monumentalnym projektem pt 'Rycerstwo i wojsko polskie od XI wieku do chwili obecnej' (wydanym przez komunistyczny MON jak 'Żołnierz Polski et al. w 4 tomach w 1960 roku)
Oto poniżej wybrane grafiki z tego niedokończonego projektu pana Bronisława związane ze strzelcami konnymi.
 
 
 
 
 


Wszystkie ilustracje pochodzą z cyfrowej Biblioteki Narodowej Polona (FBC)

Valete Khoda Hafez

Friday, January 18, 2019

Nowa ksiazk o husarii dr Sikora

Salvete Omnes,
w grudniu 2018 pisałem o nowej książce imć pana Radka Sikory.
I oto mamy - parę dni temu wyszła rzeczona nowa praca - pierwsze recenzje: lubimy czytac &  video Historia Bez Cenzury.
W książce znajdziecie wiele ilustracji, w tym moje ilustracje, i zdjęć grafik, obrazów, obiektów muzealnych i przede wszystkim rekonstruktorów husarii, całe tabuny ciekawostek i źródłowych cytatów.
Ta dosc obszerna praca jest popularno-naukowym dziełem, ergo możne służyć i być bardzo dobrym wprowadzeniem do tematyki husarii dla czytelników dopiero rozpoczynających żeglowanie po oceanie historii tejże formacji kawaleryjskiej.

Ponizej parę stron z tej książki:





moja iluminacja strony spisu treści


moja dawny rysunek , iluminacja spisu treści


to moja ilustracja husarskiego pocztu trzykonnego - na stronie 249 -  podobno pierwsza taka rekonstrukcja w historii badań nad husarią. Robię historie - :)


Valete & Khoda Hafez*

* perskie pożegnanie - :)

ps

Ceterum censeo Carthaginem esse delendam ergo, - :) uważam iż wielka to szkoda, ze nie ma husarza z kopią na okładce, zwłaszcza, że Mariusz Kozik jest znany z paru arcyciekawych husarskich grafik gdzie kopii nie brakuje -
 
 np takiego jak moja interpretacja towarzysza husarskiego z obrazu 'Elekcja z 1697roku ' Altomontego.
ps'

Ponieważ kawaleria zajmuje się nie od dziś, w tym jazda polska, tedy ja i autor spieramy się czasem w rożnych punktach np co do długości tylca kopii.
Pewnikiem w przyszłości nie zabraknie okazji żeby niektóre aspekty poruszone w książce 'rozbierać' a 'roztrząsać' na blogu, oczywiście tylko co nieco.

Thursday, January 17, 2019

Jean-Léon Gérôme and horses

Salvete Omnes,
Napoleon Bonaparte and Sphinx 

just a quick entry - one of my most favorite artists of the Academic movement from France - Jean-Leon Gerome.
I used to have a very large album of his works, but it got lost somewhere during the years, so with help from  Wiki Commons we can get a glimpse into his equestrian art.



I would like to bring to your attention his equestrian sculptures -
maestro Gerome did a very powerful sculpture of Timur aka Tamerlane, but I cannot find any image on the Net. 
Henri d'Orleans


 


 
 


Valete

Sunday, January 13, 2019

Jan II Kazimierz White Eagle from 1649

king in chainmail and karwasze (vambrace)

Salvete Omnes,
 perusing Polish FBC (digital libraries)  I came across a publication, at the Lower Silesia library, of an elaborate panegyric  titled Primum Tributum Rei Literariae [...] Joanni Casimiro Polonorum [entire title here] from 1649 dedicated
Jan II Kazimierz coronation

to our new king Jan II Kazimierz of the Vasa Royal House.
Add caption

Nota bene this new king was elected amidst the Zaporozhian Cossacks rebellion and the rebels allied with the Crimean Tatar invasion of the central provinces, in short entire realm calamities abounded.
 Thus not a small role was played by the rebels leader hetman Bohdan Chmielnicki who influenced the election of this scion of the Jagiellon, Vasa and Hapsburg houses.
Kings's reign was nothing but conflicts, wars,  invasions (infamous Deluge )and eventually more rebellion. But this took place later, the post-election period was full of hope and expectations. He truly was a warrior king, and his life was full of contradictions, including being a prisoner in France' famous cardinal Richelieu (perhaps pour future king met the the Three Musketeers - :) ), and after his abdication a quest of honour at the French court of Louis XIV.

Jan Kazimierz French prison 1638-40AD

In this short volume there is a beautiful full page illumination, at the inception of this publication, showing the White Eagle with the coats of arms of all provinces and states under our king's rule (Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth - including the Ducal Prussia- and parts of Silesia).

simplified Vasa coat of arms with withy on the chest of White Eagle
Valete

Friday, January 11, 2019

The New Achilles - a new novel

Salvete Omnes,
I have been reading novels by Christian Cameron for a while now.
In the past I enjoyed his series Tyrant (Scythia and wars of diadochoi, and I do hope for more books in the series) and the Killer of Man series(Persian Wars).
I read yesterday that pan Christian is about to publish a new novel taking place in ancient Hellas - The New Achilles.


This is going to be the story of well forgotten Hellenic commander Philopoemen.
 I am looking forward to read this novel - it is not typical to see Hellenistic Greece in the English language novel -  even if our esteemed author is 'furiously anit-Spartan.' We have novels of Mrs Helena Schrader to give us a different view of ancient Sparta.
I expect good storytelling, plenty of adventure and a feel of ancient warriorship all by  Christian's skilled pen work.
Being in my usual critical mode, I just wish that they cover would reflect the ancient pottery techniques - red-figure, black-figure or white-ground ones. 
Here is link to Plutarch on this great warrior -
His skill as warrior, horseman, cavalry armament and actual fighting as described by Plutarch(6.3) during a battle under king Antigonus III Doson of Macedon against Spartan Cleomenes III (one of my favorite ancient heroic and tragic figures) :

Philopoemen was stationed among the Macedonian cavalry with his own fellow-citizens […] 
he took matters into his own hands, formed his fellow-citizens into a wedge, and 
charged upon the enemy. [4] At first the light-armed troops were thrown into confusion, 
then put to rout with great slaughter. And now Philopoemen, wishing to encourage 
still further the king's troops and bring them swiftly upon the enemy thus thrown into 
disorder, quitted his horse, and with grievous difficulty forced his way along on foot, 
in his horseman's breastplate and heavy equipment, towards ground that was irregular and 
full of water-courses and ravines. Here he had both his thighs pierced through by 
a thonged javelin. The wound was not fatal, though severe, and the head of the weapon 
came out on the other side. [5] At first, then, he was held fast as by a fetter, and was
 altogether helpless; for the fastening of the thong made it difficult to draw the weapon
back through the wound. But since those about him hesitated to attempt this, and since,
 now that the battle was at its hottest, the ardour of his ambition made him 
impatient to join in the struggle, by moving his legs backward and forward he broke 
the shaft of the weapon in two in the middle, and then ordered each fragment 
to be drawn out separately. [6] Thus set free, he drew his sword and made 
his way through the front ranks against the enemy, thereby greatly animating 
the combatants and inspiring them with a desire to emulate his valour. 
After his victory, therefore, Antigonus put his Macedonians to the question, 
and asked them why, without his orders, they had brought the cavalry into action. [7] 
They defended themselves by saying that they had been forced against their will 
to attack the enemy, because a young man of Megalopolis had first led a charge against
 them.
 At this, Antigonus gave a laugh and said: ‘Well, then, that young man behaved
 like a great commander.’

XIX century sculpture
Nota bene Polybius on this battle and Philopoemen.
and Pausanias giving a bit about Philopoemen.

And from Pausanias description, from the linked page above, comes another interesting story of Philopoemen as cavalry commander and horseman:

Going back to Megalopolis, he was at once chosen by the Achaeans to 
command the cavalry, and he turned them into the finest cavalry in Greece.
 In the battle at the river Larisus between the Achaeans with their allies
and the Eleans with the Aetolians,2 who were helping the Eleans on 
grounds of kinship, Philopoemen first killed with his own hand 
Demophantus, the leader of the opposing cavalry, and then turned to 
flight all the mounted troops of Aetolia and Elis.

Valete!

Sunday, January 6, 2019

Three Kings Day -

Salvete Omnes
so today we have the fine feast day of Magi (Epiphany)- Three Kings and their Adoration of Baby Jesus.
I am mixing some images for this occasion -
so first Adoration piece by one of my favorite painters of all times - Peter Paul Rubens.. housed at the Royal Museum at Antwerp.



Rubens' Adoration

interesting portrayal of a curb-bit and reins - XVII century horsemanship


 

long-shanks of this curb-bit

and a bit of anachronism  as find below several images of the Parthenon frieze - ancient Athenian cavalcade 'honoring' the Holy Family on this Epiphany feast day.



valete!