Thursday, July 19, 2018

Jacek Perzynski's Zishe Breitbart

Salvete Omnes,
this post is not about horses or riders, definitely about a strongman from Poland whose life and performance (including his costume) gave raise to the idea of Superman - Zygmunt Zishe Breitbart son of a blacksmith from Strykow, Lodz voivodeship in Polish Republic. From Strykow also comes another heroic figure in Polish history -  Adam Piotr Mierosławski - whose personality and life exploits might have prompted Jules Verne to develop his  famous character  Captain Nemo however under the demand from his publisher Pierre-Jules Hetzel he changed Nemo into a Hindu prince (The Mysterious Island), not accidentally Jacek also wrote a book about Mieroslawski in 2016.
My fellow Glowno-man (Glowno - our hometown in Polish Republic) journalist, local historian and writer Jacek Perzynski wrote a book about the life of Zygmunt Zishe Breitbart, and his excellent investigative study has been translated into English by Vincent Rospond and published in the US by Winged Hussar Publishing LLC from New Jersey.

 Why am I mentioning this book?
Well, because I played a part in the release of this work in English language, Namely, upon reading Jacek Perzynski's original (here a short article by Jacek - in Polish) I had connected the author and the publisher and the rest is history. It is the first book written by a modern Polish writer that Winged Hussar Publishing has published and I do hope there will be many more - eg there is one scheduled for October, written by dr Marek Wozniak from Warsaw University on the per-Islamic Persian armies.
Jacek Perzynski is working on a new project related to the history and extraordinary traditions of the Mongol and Tatar medieval settlers from a village of Makolice, near Bielawy, Lodze voivodeship.
I hope to read the printed version very soon.

Jacek is the author of the authorized biography of the one of the most famous Polish 'futbol' (soccer) players Wlodziemierz Smolarek.  He has written a series of books on the secrets of the city of Lodz. Article in the Lowiczanin about his Lodz project (in Polish)

Saturday, July 14, 2018

Westerveld - husaria or winged hussars circa AD 1651-52

Salvete Omnes,
Abraham Westerveld, a 'peregrine' painter from the Dutch Republic, worked for several years in Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, in the employ of prince Janusz Radziwill, grand hetman of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania army. It was the time of the Chmielnicki's rebellion, and hetman Radziwill beat several times the rebellious Cossack armies sent against him by hetman Chmielnicki. Radziwill's army retook Kijow (Kiev of today) from the rebels in 1651. The rebellion brought the destruction of the Ruthenian lands, as the result of this uprising  Cossack Ukraine was depopulated and Left Bank subjugated by the Grand Duchy Muscovy (future Russian Empire) and officially annexed in 1686, while Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was seriously weakened and lost huge amount of land and peoples, later leading to the Ottoman invasion of the Polish voivodeships of Podolia, Wolhynia,  Ruthenia etc and the subsequent long Polish-Ottoman wars 1672-1699.
Westerveld painted some interesting paintings (now lost - Germans and Soviets took care of this disappearance, but who knows perhaps in some Austrian or German house these paintings can be seen hanging ) during this employment with the prince, and drew many drawings - the drawings were done during the campaign in the rebellious and hostile country of the Zaporozhian Cossacks; these drawings were copied in the late XVIII century, and the copies survive in the Polish Army Museum Collection at Warsaw.
I would like to share with you some details from his drawings showing winged hussars as well as the hetman's staff, and znak hetmanski aka hetman's sign.
amazing detail - considering the image is from Wiki Commons

Bellow a smaller detail from another panel showing one of the stages during the victorious battle of Lojow AD 1651  - my friend Witold Biernacki wrote a book about the 1st battle of Lojow or the AD 1649 one.

more hussaria from the battle of Lojow AD 1651

 Hetman in Kiev AD 1651
Radziwill and his hussaria etc entering Kiev

more hussaria and prince with his ensign behind him holding his hetman's standard and sign of military command

Karol Lopatecki [in Polish] wrote an article about  using the period iconography as a primary source material in study of history as evidenced by Erik Dahlberg's drawing and/or print showing the destruction of the Sandomierz Castle by the Swedes in 1656.
 in sports world this being Mundial times (go Croatia! - this Sunday Croatia versus France )- in March 2018 the fleetest Polish runners beat the amazingly fast American  runners during the 4x400 meters relay race of the World Indoor Championships in  Birmingham, UK.  they held then the World Record at 3:01.77 minutes.

Wednesday, July 11, 2018

Royal Insignia of Kazimierz Wielki

Salvete Omnes,
I watched the entire second half of the soccer match between Croatia and United Kingdom teams during Mundial in Russia. it was a great game - Vivat Hrvatsko!
Seal of Polish Kingdom AD 1334

ad rem, after the Partions of Poland the fate of the Polish Royal Insignia (one day I should list some of them via various inventories done prior to AD 1795) was not different from other Crown property taken by the partitioning powers - Russian Empire , Prussia and Austrian Holy Empire. Those Polish Royal insignia taken by Prussia were destroyed by the Prussian king's orders (on their way to unify Germany and become emperors) who had them melted and minted into money.  Royal Insignia taken by the Russian Empire survived the Partitions.
our king Kazimierz Wielki (the Great) was buried with his royal insignia - crown, apple, scepter, gold ring with an amethyst, and a pair of stirrups - in the Krakow Cathedral in 1370.
King's XIX century imaginary portrait

In AD 1869 when Kazimierz's sarcophagus was opened and contents studies by scientists and artists were busy sketching, the royal insignia discovered inside the casket were copied and the originals can be found on display at the Cathedral Treasury (John Paul II Cathedral Museum) situated within the Wawel Hill Royal Castle complex in Krakow.
A copy of Kazimierz's Royal Insignia can be also viewed at the Beginnings of the Polish State Museum in Gniezno, the ancient capital of Poland.
Several views of the Royal Insignia display as can be seen at Gniezno Museum.

 one of the Royal spurs

 There is also another crown thought to had been owned by Kazmierz the Great, a helmet or traveling crown - it was found in Sandomierz and it is one of few surviving helmet crowns  in Europe.

Tuesday, July 10, 2018

The good times of summer

Salvete omnes,
my friend Krzysztof Laszkiewicz, local historian and 'collectionner' of unusual antiques, while doing research encountered and thus re-discovered the original AD 1433 Lodz town charter granted by king Wladyslaw II Jagello. Town and its belonging villages were owned by Crown chancellor Piotr Szafraniec, Bishop of Wloclawek, Stary Kon coat of arms.
   This was the second charter granted to Lodz, 10 years before the king  granted first charter.
Nota bene my own hometown, 30 km away to the east,  was located in the allied duchy of Masovia, and its town charter was granted by the Masovian sovereign prince Siemowit V of Masowia in AD 1427.

The Lodz renewed charter our ailing king granted during the important war council and gathering of magnates, nobles and Crown troops in the Royal Castle of Kolo. with witness being some of the most important persons of the Polish Crown:
-Wojciech Jastrzebiec, Archbishop and Primate of Poland, Jastrzebiec coat of arms
-Zbigniew Olesnicki, bishop of Krakow, Debno coat of arms
 -Spytek of Tarnow, voivode of Sandomierz - Leliwa coat of arms
 Jarand (Jurand) of Grabie, voivode of Sieradz - Pomian coat of arms
-Marcin of Kalinowa, veeran  commander of the battle of Grunwald and at the time of signing of the Lodz charter the commanding officer of the Polish troops on the Polish Crown-Teutonic Order border. - Zaremba coat of arms
-Mikolaj of Michalow, Castellan of Krakow, Roza coat of arms

The document was most likely read aloud and sealed by Wladyslaw of Oporow, Crown sub-chancellor and king's confidante and adviser. Wladyslaw was of the same coat of arms as famous Zawisza Niger (Czarny aka Black), i.e., Sulima coat of arms.
This document was lost since 1922 and Krzysztof brought it back into the public light and enjoyment in March of 2018. Now his book - How I rediscovered Lodz Town Charter - is ready and will be available for purchase  in Poland starting July 27, 2018.

 I did 4 small drawings for my friend's book and I pray the will smartly augment his narrative.
here there are some sketches I did in preparation for the book
sketch 1
sketch 2

sketch 2.1

Wednesday, July 4, 2018

Happy Forth of July

Salvete Omnes,
 today there is the anniversary of several important battles and the American national holiday.
on July 4th 1187 the Kingdom of Jerusalem and its vassals lost the most important battle since the First Crusade - Hattin. Cunning,talented and most ruthless Kurdish  sultan Saladin won his most stunning victory, that gave him an immortal fame.
on July 4, 1610 Polish hetman Zolkiewski with his tiny army of mostly winged hussars defeated the huge army of the Muscovite tsardom under Shuisky-de la Gardie, took Moscow in a short stride, Poles occupied Kremlin and thus opened the way for a Polish ruler on the 'Rurik's' throne. It is entirely other matter that the scheme did not work out to the Polish advantage.

Happy Forth of July to all my Americans all over the world !
and the detail from the XV century (?) fresco from a Church in Norwich, UK. Saint George and the dragon.
I do not have a better image - images from Wiki Commons.


Sunday, July 1, 2018

Winged Hussar armor - a replica

Radek & Radek - Warsaw 2017

Salvete Omnes,
my friend and compatriot imc pan Radek Szleszynski (on Wiki there is his photo in full regalia of a winged hussar), co-author of the famous and unique art book Husaria Rzeczpospolitej, has announced a new winged hussar armor for himself, made by the Olsztyn-based armorer Sergey August.
Katerina Zhuravieva @copyright
Katerian Zhuravieva @copyright

Radek is himself a very talented artist (also a photographer) who works in leather, textiles, metal and semi-precious stones, and has been famously  reconstructing winged hussar horse tack, especially bridles etc, and pistol holsters of the XVII century period.

Radek Sikora @copyright

the armor reconstructed by Sergey August is a replica of the extant armor from the Skokloster Castle in Sweden,
original armor from Skokloster
The collection is part of the loot brought from Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth by Carl Gustaf Wrangel after the Deluge (1655-1660)



I do hope  that in this armor and in a painstakingly reconstructed horse tack (Radek's own) and saddle (made by Marcin Ruda and owned by Radoslaw Sikora, Ph.D. ) Radek will be leading the winged Hussars during the 2018 Parade in Warsaw on August 15, 2018. Note that I do not know at this time which horse Radek will be riding.
 all photos copyright Radoslaw Szleszynski unless noted

Saturday, June 30, 2018

Odyseja Pomnika Katynskiego z NJ

 Salvete Omnes,
[in Polish]
z Twittera Slawka Platty

Walka o Pomnik Katynski w Jersey City, NJ trwa -  teraz raczej jest pewne, ze będzie musiało  mieć miejsce referendum - Polonia amerykańska uzyskała drugi oddech w boju o zatrzymanie Pomnika w miejscu w którym stoi dzisiaj.
Polski Dziennik z NY/NJ podaje
  Max Kolonko na twitter  podawał, ze Polonia przegrała glosowanie w Radzie Miasta Jersey City ale jak już wiemy nie złożyła broni i walczyła dalej pod wodza min mec. Slawek Platta , mimo oporu  burmistrza Fulopa i jego grup interesu,  członków  Komitetu Katyńskiego i także Klubow Gazety Polskiej (KGP) (Niezależna atakuje mec. Platte), I tak nasza amerykanska Polonia wygrywa jednak kolejna rundę w obronie Pomnika idąc do referendum nad losem Pomnika, teraz decyzja bedzie w rekach wyborców Jersey City, NJ.

 Matthew Tyrmand, nie znający języka polskiego 'desant z US' (obok desantu z UK czyli Jeff 'a Danniels'a), który fetowany jest w RP jako syn dawno zmarłego świetnego pisarza polskiego mości Leopolda Trymanda, otz tenze Matthew zdaje się, ze opowiada się po stronie czlonkow Komitetu Katyńskiego stojacych po stronie burmistrza, Fulopa (któremu zdaje się mocno 'zagotuje się pod siedzeniem') i KGP etc.

Reportaż -video z sutuacji - link [English]
Vivat Polonia, vivat proces demokratyczny w Ameryce!
                                              ciąg dalszy nastąpi
w temacie pomników - strona Bitwa pod Komarowem pokazała na 'Fejsie' projekt pomnika sławnego zwycięstwa kawalerii polskiej na bolszewikami w zakończonym szczęśliwie 1920 roku.
copyright @ Bitwa pod Komarowem

Valete !

szybki szkic towarzysza husarskie z kopia.  

Friday, June 29, 2018

Tarkot - Slownik terminow hipologicznych

Rubens - detal głowy końskiej
[in Polish]
dawny  temat powraca.. Słownik terminow hipologicznych używanych w Polsce XVI-XVIIw -
Pisałem sporo czasu temu na temat, ale powraca ów słownik jak fala na ocenie. Mianowicie chodzi o to, ze autor miewał problemik z odczytywaniem źródeł które czytał.
Ergo, mamy mały acz piękny 'kwiatek' bo pokazujący problem z czytaniem źródeł i pamięcią a kreatywna metoda 'upiększania' haseł który to problem zdaje się być cecha autora Słownika.
Według autora Słownika hasło 'tarkot' (strona 91) to 'rżenie, parskanie' - i dalej następuje jakby cytat - 'Tarkot rączych koni'
Zabawmy się tedy z tym 'tarkotem'  poprzez pójście do źródła - czyli do słownika staropolskiej z początku XIX w czyli Linde (edycja Bielowskiego, tom V) podaje co to ów Tarkot cytując fragment źródła z epoki staropolskiej -

mamy tez co to Tarka później Tarkac, Tarchac, Tarkotac, Tyrkotac etc

bardzo by było milo gdybyśmy mogli poznać źródło staropolskiego piśmiennictwa użyte przez autora w komponowaniu tego hasła, gdzie 'tarkot' oznaczał rżenie koni.
Tarkot kol wozu, konie może nie racze, ale pracowite - detal z obrazu Rubensa & Brueghela


Thursday, June 28, 2018

Marcello Fogolino's Renaissance horses

Salvete Omnes,
Several days ago I posted some medieval frescoes from Bouncosinglio Trento castle, today I would like to add some detailed images of horses from the frescoes painted by Marcello Fogolino there during the early 1530s.
 Messer Fogolino, wanted for murder of a barber in Friuli a Venetian territory, fled to Trento and there he started working for the cardinal Bernardo Clesio .

The frescoes depict the ancient Roman history, and its most famous person i.e., Julius Caesar.


a drawing by maestro Fogolino